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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 3: Bar graph showing the clinical outcome following lumbar disc herniation treatment. Among the patients, 88.8% had a good outcome after the first surgery because 92.1% did not need to assume drugs for pain management and 7.9% took pain medications only occasionally following surgery. Considering the patients with the first and second recurrences, 52.7% did not need to assume drugs for pain management, 20.2% took pain medications only occasionally, and 12.4% needed a constant assumption of drugs for pain management. Among patients with the first recurrence who did not develop a second recurrence, 63.7% had a good clinical outcome, 24.2% took pain medication occasionally, and 12.1% had a constant need for pain medications. Among the patients with a second recurrence, 52.6% was in a good clinical condition, 21.1% took pain medications occasionally, and 26.3% had a continuative assumption of pain medications. Overall, patients with a worse clinical outcome were patients with second recurrence (*P < 0.05)

Figure 3: Bar graph showing the clinical outcome following lumbar disc herniation treatment. Among the patients, 88.8% had a good outcome after the first surgery because 92.1% did not need to assume drugs for pain management and 7.9% took pain medications only occasionally following surgery. Considering the patients with the first and second recurrences, 52.7% did not need to assume drugs for pain management, 20.2% took pain medications only occasionally, and 12.4% needed a constant assumption of drugs for pain management. Among patients with the first recurrence who did not develop a second recurrence, 63.7% had a good clinical outcome, 24.2% took pain medication occasionally, and 12.1% had a constant need for pain medications. Among the patients with a second recurrence, 52.6% was in a good clinical condition, 21.1% took pain medications occasionally, and 26.3% had a continuative assumption of pain medications. Overall, patients with a worse clinical outcome were patients with second recurrence (*<i>P</i> < 0.05)