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Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 54-60

Hybrid implants in anterior cervical decompressive surgery for degenerative disease


1 Institute of Neurosurgery, Operative Unit, Research Center and Master II Degree Surgical Approaches Craniovertebral Junction, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Catholic University, Rome, Italy
2 Department of Neurological Surgery, Policlinico Gaspare Rodolico University Hospital, Catania, Italy
3 Department of Neurosurgery, University of Bari Medical School, Bari, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Francesco Signorelli
Institute of Neurosurgery, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Largo F. Vito 1, 00168 Roma
Italy
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jcvjs.jcvjs_184_20

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Background: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) still represent the mainstream surgical approach in the treatment of degenerative cervical Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD), being a loss of mobility at the treated segment and adjacent segment diseases well-known complications. To overcome those complications, hybrid surgery (HS) incorporating ACDF and cervical disk arthroplasty is increasingly performed for DDD. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical, surgical, and outcome data of 62 consecutive patients (male/female, 29/37) harboring cervical disk herniation with or without osteophytes, with radiculopathy with or without myelopathy, who underwent a cervical discectomy on two or more levels with the anterior approach with at least one disk prosthesis along with cage and plate or O Profile screwed plate. Results: All the patients improved regardless of the cervical construct used. No significant relationship between different kind of prostheses as well as their surgical level, the number and the site of the cages (screwed and/or plated) was found out concerning immediate stability, dynamic prosthesis effectiveness, and clinical improvement in all the patients up to the maximum follow-up. Conclusions: Although the optimal surgical technique for cervical DDD remains controversial, HS represents a safe and effective procedure in selected patients with multilevel cervical DDD, as demonstrated by biomechanical and clinical studies and the present series. Some technical aspects should be considered when dealing with this procedure, like the drilling of the endplate, and some radiological findings have to be detected because potentially predictive of future misplacement.


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