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Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 77-80

Intramedullary spinal cord metastasis of gastric cancer


1 Department of Neurosurgery, Cerebrovascular Research Institute, Yoshida Hospital, Hyogo, Japan
2 Department of Neurosurgery, Tsukazaki Hospital, Hyogo, Japan
3 Department of Neurosurgery, Osaka Medical College, Osaka, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Hiroaki Matsumoto
Department of Neurosurgery, Cerebrovascular Research Institute, Yoshida Hospital, 9-2-6 Daikai-dori, Hyogo-ku, Kobe, Hyogo 652-0803
Japan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jcvjs.jcvjs_163_20

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The incidence of intramedullary spinal cord metastasis (ISCM) has been increasing because the overall survival of patients with cancer has improved thanks to recent advanced therapies, such as molecular targeted drugs, anticancer agents, and various irradiation techniques. ISCM from lung and breast cancer is the most common form among cases of ISCM. We report an extremely rare form of ISCM from gastric cancer. This 83-year-old man who had a past medical history of gastric adenocarcinoma presented with acute onset of paraparesis. Spinal magnetic resonance imaging revealed an intramedullary lesion at the upper thoracic level. Due to rapid worsening of his paresis, we decided to perform tumor extirpation. Gross total resection of the tumor was successfully performed. Pathological examination revealed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, suggesting the diagnosis of ISCM from gastric cancer. He demonstrated gradual improvement of paraparesis soon after surgery, although his overall survival was limited to about 6 months after surgery. When examining the etiology of acute paraparesis in elderly patients with a past medical history of cancer, ISCM should be considered in the differential diagnosis. The prognosis of ISCM from gastric cancer is still extremely limited. Unfortunately, there is currently no treatment with proven efficacy. Surgery for ISCM from gastric cancer, although a challenging procedure for spine surgeons, should be considered as a therapeutic option in these patients.


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