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Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 140-145

C1 lateral mass reduction screws for treating atlantoaxial dislocations: Bringing ease by modification

1 Department of Neurosurgery, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Deepak Kumar Singh
Department of Neurosurgery, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcvjs.jcvjs_8_22

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Objective: The C1-C2 fixation technique revolutionized the management of complex craniovertebral junction (CVJ) anomalies. Presently used polyaxial screw and rod systems have inadvertent technical difficulties in rod fitting and reduction of atlantoaxial dislocations (AAD) requiring forceful joint handling. The purpose of this study is to analyze the use of a specially designed “reduction screw” in C1 lateral mass in C1-C2 fixation for treating AAD with or without basilar invagination (BI). Study Design: This is a retrospective cohort study in which long lateral mass reduction screws were used for C1-C2 fixation. Materials and Methods: Eighteen patients diagnosed with congenital AAD with or without BI treated with C1-C2 fixations using C1 reduction lateral mass were included in the study. The outcome was measured clinically by the modified Japanese Orthopedic Association score and radiologically by conventional craniometric indices. Results: Among all cases included in the study, 72% (13/18) are males and 18% (5/18) are females with average age at presentation of 33.5 years. Among 18 cases of AAD, 84% (15/18) of patients have BI, 22% (4/18) have Chiari Type 1 malformation, and one patient has Klipple–Feil syndrome. Symptomatic improvement is noted in all patients following surgery. Adequate reduction of AAD with normalization of radiological indices was also achieved in all 18 (100%) patients. Conclusion: C1 lateral mass reduction screw in C1-C2 fixation helps in reduction of AAD and BI (Type A) even in difficult cases of CVJ anomalies with intraoperative technical ease, reduced operative time, no need for special instruments or complex maneuvers, and avoiding potential neurological injury.

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