Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 111--114

Morphometric analysis of hypoglossal canal of the occipital bone in Iranian dry skulls


Bayat Parvindokht, Darabi Mohammad Reza, Babaei Saeid 
 Department of Anatomical Sciences, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Babaei Saeid
Department of Anatomical Sciences, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak
Iran

Background: The hypoglossal canal (HC) is in basal part of cranium that transmits the nerve that supplies the motor innervations to the muscles of tongue. Study on morphometry of (HC) and its variations has been a considerable interest field to neurosurgeons and research workers especially because of their racial and regional. Material and Methods: In this retrospective study, 26 adult dry human crania of no sex known were studied for (HC) and its variants. Thirty five skulls were observed for any damage of post cranial fossa and those in good condition (26 skulls)were selected. Sliding Vernier caliper was used for morphometric analysis. Results: There were significant difference between distances of: a-(HC) till anterior tip of condyles (right and left), b-(HC) till posterior tip of condyles (right and left), c-(HC)till lower border of occipital condyles (right and left), d-(HC) till external border of foramen jugular (right and left), e-(HC) till opisthion(right and left), f-(HC) till carotid canal (right and left), g-(HC) till jugular tubercle (right and left). There wasn«SQ»t significant difference in other parameters. Conclusion: Detailed morphometric analysis of (HC) will help in planning of surgical intervention of skull base in safer and easier ways.


How to cite this article:
Parvindokht B, Reza DM, Saeid B. Morphometric analysis of hypoglossal canal of the occipital bone in Iranian dry skulls.J Craniovert Jun Spine 2015;6:111-114


How to cite this URL:
Parvindokht B, Reza DM, Saeid B. Morphometric analysis of hypoglossal canal of the occipital bone in Iranian dry skulls. J Craniovert Jun Spine [serial online] 2015 [cited 2021 Jun 16 ];6:111-114
Available from: https://www.jcvjs.com/article.asp?issn=0974-8237;year=2015;volume=6;issue=3;spage=111;epage=114;aulast=Parvindokht;type=0